Different Types of Printers and Their Functions – The Ultimate Guide

Day by day, more and more people engage in printing to successfully receive a hard copy of their tasks. The result can then be effortlessly viewed, underlined, and corrected without having to depend on a computer screen.

So, as an increased number of people invest their money in purchasing such devices, printer manufacturers grow competitive. They try to bring about varying features that uphold convenience in some divergent ways.

Today, we will introduce you to some different types of printers and their functions. Have a look at each cause. You never know which might appeal to your taste!

Different Types of Printers and Their Functions

Different Types Of Printers And Their Functions

Laser Printers

The laser type is one of the most popular printing technologies that you are bound to stumble upon in offices. It operates with the help of an amazing combination between heat and electrical energy, providing everyone with sharp text output. In addition, an extremely fast printing speed is provided, allowing everyone to finish their printing tasks quickly. Nevertheless, such printers cannot be deemed appropriate for image printing since they only work well for black and white output.

Laser printers utilize powdered ink, which is positively charged throughout the printing process. On the other hand, the printer drum is negatively charged according to the appearance of your output. Therefore, the ink is attracted to the drum’s surface, which then pastes it on the paper that is being rolled in. Lastly, this ink is fused onto the paper’s surface with the application of heat.

LED Printers

Like laser printing technology, LED printers to use toners and drums to produce hard copies. You can only differ between both by looking at the static charge-producing system.

In laser printers, lasers and mirrors carry out this crucial task to produce an image on the drum, while strips of LED lights are used in LED ones. As this reduces the number of moving parts, less noise is created, decreasing the hindrances caused to a user’s attention. Hence, LED printers function as the best printers for environments where quietness needs to be maintained.

Aside from this, LED printers are also more compact than most laser printers. This means that anyone who wishes to create less of a mess in their workspace should opt for it.

Inkjet Printers

Just like laser printers, inkjet printers are extremely loved and cherished since they provide superior quality color prints. They are purchased for home use or small offices where you will need to print both โ€“ texts and images. They manage to be one of the most budget-friendly options with a comparatively low initial cost. However, they are considered to be unsuitable for large-scale use due to their slow printing speeds.

Printers that run using inkjet printing technology utilize liquid ink to make prints. Cyan, magenta, yellow, and black shades are present, and they are sprayed onto different sections of the page using printheads. Printers with higher resolution manage to get more dots per inch, whereas those with low resolution only spray on a few. So, to guarantee an outstanding and realistic look, you should seek big resolution values.

All-in-One Printers

All-in-One printers manage to stand out as the most beneficial option for offices. They perform the tasks of a scanner, copier, fax machine, and printer all at once, letting people save money. A high printing speed along with duplex printing (and at times duplex scanning) abilities focus on cutting down paper and time wastage. As only one device occupies space instead of four, it prevents the formation of clutter too.

The only disadvantage of buying such a printer is that they lack specialization. Most of the time, they do not hold any extraordinary printing features as the technology would otherwise be too burdened.

Supertank Printers

One common problem that everyone runs into while running an inkjet printer, is the ink. With the cartridges bleeding out frequently, everyone has to go through the trouble of refilling or replacing them.

To save you from this problem, supertank printers were invented. Such printers can hold larger ink cartridges which have a yield that is about 10 to 30 times bigger (depending on the model). This calls for decreased need for changing, saving a lot of time.

If you make prints regularly or partake in publishing, super tank printers will be the ideal fit for your workplace. Your large volume printing journey will then be made easier. Other than this, photographers should look out for this option too, as photo prints require a lot of ink!

Dye-Sublimation Printers

Unlike many other printers on the list, dye-sublimation printers work by heating solid ink and turning it into gas โ€“ hence the name sublimation. Then, coats of ink are layered on top of each other to create the desired colors and shades โ€“ a process that manages to be more accurate than inkjet printing technology.

Dye-sublimation printers are not meant to print upon regular printing paper. Instead, you should use them to get results on glossy paper, vinyl sheets, clothes, mugs, etc. This means that they are ideal for anyone who wishes to make or sell printed goodies.

Dot-Matrix Printers

Although this printing technology is very unpopular now, we must mention the noisy dot-matrix printers!

By using a method where a hammer punches dots onto a ribbon dipped in ink, the printer manages to print out texts. Nonetheless, the resolution is too less when compared to the work churned out by other modern-day printing technologies. In addition to this, you will have to align the print by hand after every line has been printed.

3D Printers

The 3D printer is one of the newest, most innovative, and most costly printing technologies you will find! Instead of traditional ink, it uses a combination of powdery metals and plastics to create the output in three-dimensional form. This makes it especially useful for building toys, wax goods, tools, and other similar items. It can also be used to design machine parts, letting scientists and engineers easily develop prototypes.

Multifunctional Printers

A multifunctional printer is like an All-in-One printer except that it might not provide the benefits of scanning, copying, printing, and scanning all the time. For example, a multifunctional printer might only work as a printer and scanner; this means that it could lack copying and scanning abilities.

Multifunctional printers work well for offices, houses, and home offices. However, you should check them out if you are interested in only particular features instead of an All-in-One device.

A3 Printers

As these printers can print on pages that have a big length, A3 printers are more commonly known as wide-format printers. They can slide in long pieces of paper and print upon them without facing any disturbance. Some A3 printers will have paper rolls fitted within their body, which are cut using mechanical cutters to provide output on the length desired by individuals.

A3 printers are commonly used to print out brochures, banners, big photographs, designs, etc. However, anyone who wishes to regularly print out their office work on A3 sheets can also choose to use them for amazing results.

Flexographic Printers

Flexographic printers utilize a very difficult technology consisting of rubber, polymers, substrates, metallic films, etc. Therefore, many have named it the modernized letterpress, which holds a high printing speed for getting tasks done in an instant!

The flexographic printing technique is most commonly used for designing packages. You can utilize them to print out packaging tapes, container wrappers, metal foils, etc. The process is economical, and you can always pair it up with water-based inks to create environment-friendly results.

Plotter Printers

While printing out things like blueprints or architectural designs, what you mostly require is accuracy and sharpness. Unfortunately, the demanded level of precision cannot be received with the help of inkjet printers since the line will end up being a little blurry instead. At such a time, plotter printers are the equipment to look forward to!

With the assistance of pens or pencils, the plotter printer draws lines all over the page and then proceeds to sketch out designs. This helps in preserving the wishes of the user when creating the output.

Solid Ink Printers

While inkjet printers do manage to grant flamboyant output, everyone can agree that they are pretty expensive. So, to receive vibrancy and cost-friendliness at once, you can try out solid ink printers which use waxy resin-based polymer for printing. These are available as sticks or blocks, which are simply melted to create ink, leaving no residue. But, of course, one need not stress about drying either!

Solid ink printers function as the best choice for printing graphic designs, photographs, and the like. It also creates a glossy coating on the surface, creating the effects of glossy paper without requiring one.


As the technological world advances in big steps, we are introduced to countless printing technologies. Each of these is suitable for certain printing tasks, proving to be useful for a particular group of people.

So, today we have taken the courtesy to introduce you to the different types of printers and functions. Take a look at each to learn which will be the perfect pick according to your work and usage!